Postnatal depression (PND) is a depressive disorder that usually occurs during the first few weeks or months of having a baby. Even though this is commonly associated with mothers, fathers can also develop depression before and after the birth of a child. The range of symptoms experienced depend on the severity of the depression and may include, among others; feelings of inadequacy and guilt, negative thoughts, feelings that life is meaningless, fearfulness and irritability, low self-esteem and lack of confidence. Specific causes of PND are unknown;
however, precipitating factors may include physical, emotional and social changes that come with being a parent.
Support from a partner, family and/or friends are often helpful for someone with PND. However, occasionally parents may need counselling and sometimes medication to manage their PND. Further information about PND for parents can